With Picasso and Braque as pioneers, Cubism has been described as the first avant-garde art movement of the 20th century . Drawing inspiration from African and Native American art and sculpture, the Cubists dismantled European conventions of point of view, form, and perspective, creating flat, fragmented, and revolutionary images.
Picasso's celebrated canvas Les Demoiselles d'Avignon is often considered the first Cubist work, due to its radical fracturing of objects and figures into different areas, corresponding to multiple points of view. Cubism evolved into two distinct trends: analytical cubism, which continued to interweave perspective planes in subdued black, gray and ocher tones, and later synthetic cubism , characterized by simpler forms, more vivid colors and collage elements, such as texts from newspapers.
This book introduces the main protagonists of Cubism, with works by artists such as Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Fernand Leger, Juan Gris, Albert Gleizes, and Robert Delaunay .