Whether for his portraits as court painter of the Spanish royal family or his harrowing scenes of conflict and suffering, Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828) has made history as one of Spain's most revered and controversial artists . Master of light and form, his influence reverberates through the centuries, inspiring and fascinating all kinds of artists, from the romantic Eugène Delacroix to the enfants terribles of British art, the Chapman brothers.
Born in Fuendetodos (Spain) in 1746, Goya began his career at the Spanish court in 1774, making etchings and painting cartoons for tapestries destined to decorate the great palaces and royal residences of the country . He also had clients among the aristocracy, painting commissioned portraits of the rich and powerful in an increasingly fluid and expressive style. Later, after overcoming a serious illness, he began to make darker prints and drawings, depicting a nightmarish world populated by witches, ghosts and fantastical creatures.
It was, however, with his terrifying depictions of conflict that Goya achieved an enduring impact . The disasters of the war, carried out between 1810 and 1820, were inspired by the atrocities committed during the War of Independence that the Spanish waged against the French. In them he enters to the very heart of human cruelty and sadism. The somber tones, rapid brushstrokes, and aggressive use of baroque-style chiaroscuro call to mind the work of Velázquez and Rembrandt, but the issues Goya tackles were unprecedented in their brutality and honesty.
In this introductory book we trace the full arc of Goya's extraordinary career , from his days as an elegant court painter to his transformation into a tormented spectator of suffering and the grotesque. Along the way, we come across such famous portraits as that of Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga, the dazzling nude Maja, and El 3 de Mayo en Madrid, one of the most awe-inspiring images of war in art history.
Authors: Rainer and Rose-Marie Hagen Binding: Hardcover Format: 21 x 26 cm Pages: 96 Spanish Language